Explaning the conceptual model of post-disaster sustainable temporary housing system Case Study: Sar-e-Pol Zahab

Document Type : research paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Architecture, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.

3 Full Professor, Department of Architecture and Urbanism, Tabriz Islamic Art University, Tabriz, Iran.

4 Associate Professor, Department of Civil engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.


Purpose: The study aims to identify the main problems of temporary accommodation strategies and to discuss some principles and guidelines in order to assist decision-makers for choosing the most suitable strategy and reach better sustainable temporary housing solutions.
Methods: Through a qualitative and applied type approach, the present research has been done by descriptive- analytical method. Documentary and library methods have been used to collect information, and analyze case study to discuss the main sustainability issues regarding temporary housing. In this study, the main focus is on providing qualitative sustainable conceptual model as a platform for decision makers in crisis situations.
Results: applying system to every region according to its local data before disaster, determining the activity steps needed to be done before disaster, at the time of disaster and post-disaster and developing a sustainable temporary housing approach. Only then will be able to house the victims in healthy and comfortable environments in a progressive way with the productive usage of the country resources and finally to be ready against the disasters.
Conclusion: Lack of a sustainable strategy prevents community resilience and disaster preparedness. At present, the post-disaster housing approach cannot meet the cultural, social, economic and ecological needs of the victims.