Economic Transformation of Rural Settlements with Emphasis on Social Capital Based on the Seven Capital Model and Rural Participatory Assessment (PRA) Approach

Document Type : research paper


1 Shahid Beheshti University

2 Department of Human Geography and Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


The present study examines the economic transformation challenges of rural settlements in Esfandiqa District in Jiroft, emphasizing social capital based on the seven capital model using a qualitative and analytical method. Data were collected using a participatory assessment (PRA) approach. Analysis of research variables and status of capital by using models like The analysis of the social structure, rural rotation, problems tree, needs matrix, and organization structure was drawn with the Vanchart. Participants in the 30person, 30 experts, and experts in the 30 model villages were selected purposefully. The results of this study indicate that the economic sector has not yet entered the cycle of change. There is a need to take advantage of the resources and potential, and participation of villagers. Simultaneously, drawing up the tree of problems showed that the most critical obstacles to the rural economy's development are the low participation of villagers. Also, it was revealed by the "Magh" chart. Health, relief committee, police station, and tribal affairs, which were not directly responsible for participating villagers in economic development plans and projects, have achieved the highest performance level. However, organizations such as water and sewage, agricultural jihad, technical and professional, and natural resources directly responsible for participating villagers in the villages' economic transformation have been less profitable. According to the Economic Transformation Need Matrix in the Esfandiqa sector, it needs attention to significant functions such as improving and developing infrastructure in processing products with a higher priority for the locals and village activists.