Analysis and recognition of factors disturbing the effectiveness of the rural master plan Based on the meta-combined method

Document Type : research paper

Authors

1 PhD student in Geography and Rural Planning, Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of Geography and Rural Planning, Department of Human Geography, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Purpose: One of the development projects in the late 90's, concurrent with the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran is the rural master plan. These projects aim to achieve rural development as the most important official and legal document of rural development. However, they are in a similar situation to the urban master plan. In addition to creating a platform for physical development, these projects face challenges in the rural development such as growing demand for land-use change, rising land prices and the growth of the stock market and decrease the social trust of villagers. This study attempts to review and analyze the factors touching the adverse effects of these projects.
Method: This article is performed using the qualitative content analysis method by selecting fifty-six papers in a non-probabilistic and purposeful sampling from one hundred articles published in applied studies and research in the rural master plan in four valid citation databases according to the meta-combined analysis method.
Results: This study shows that the poor effectiveness of the rural master plan is affected by several factors that act in a dialectical action. These factors, however, each have their effects; however, their interaction with other factors doubles their effectiveness. This is a point that is less considered by the country's planning system. These include factors such as dominance and persistence of physical and sectoral attitude, the uncertainty of the village's situation in the planning system, the adequate allocation of credit resources in preparation and implementation, poor management of project implementation, the dominant urban view in project preparation, weak participation of villagers and implementation of rural master plan scientific weakness of project providers, lack of attention to the natural-ecological environment in planning and design, less attention to economics in planning and design and poor adaptation of the project to the needs of stakeholders
Discussion: Based on the meta-combined analysis of this study, the factors influencing inefficiency are often exogenous. In other words, as an intervening factor, the planning system has adopted a procedure for preparing and implementing rural master plan in which the internal capacities of the village on the one hand and the rapid developments and new demands of the villagers, on the other hand, have been neglected.

Keywords


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