Approaches affecting the utilization of agricultural water resources in Central Iran

Document Type : research paper

Authors

1 Associate Professor of Geography and rural planning, faculty of geographical science, kharazmi university،, Tehran.

2 Ph.D Student in rural planning and geography, kharazim university, Tehran.

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to analyze the effective factors in the optimal utilization of agricultural water resources in rural areas of  area in central Iran. Therefore, the question is, first, what is the current status of agricultural water resources in Central Iran and what approaches affect the optimal use of these resources?
Methods: The rural farmers of the Buin and Miandasht County, anconstituted the statistical population of the research, which is divided to five districts: Yeylagh, Gorji, North Kerchembo, South Kerchembo and Sardsir and were selected from several villages with pre-determined criteria.
Result: The main indicators of the study were provided from literature reviews and field studies and examined via a survey and interviews. The data were normalized in MATLAB software and analyzed by the COPRAS technique. Research maps were also drawn in ArcMap software. The findings showed that first, the county is at a good level in receiving precipitation compared to other areas of Isfahan Province. Second, Social dimension approaches are more effective in the optimal use of agricultural water resources. Third, the Sardsir district ranks first among other districts.
Conclusions: Therefore, the capacity of agricultural water resources in the northwest of the region is higher and has better conditions. Furthermore, the number of available water resources does not meet the needs of farmers with the current method of cultivation. As a result, the percentage of imported resources exceeds the region's production That It causes expanding dependence, capital loss, jobs and supply of strategic materials.

Keywords


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