Abubakaria ,Z., van der Molen, P., Bennett, R.M., Kuusaana, E.D (2016). Land consolidation, customary lands, and Ghana’s Northern Savannah- Ecological Zone: An evaluation of the possibilities and pitfalls. Land Use Policy 54(5):386–398.
Anabestani,A. & Vesal,Z.(2016). [The analysis of effective elements on tourism branding on rural settlements( the case study: Binalood county) (Persian)].Planning & Tourism development, 16(1),127-148.
Anderson, E., Bakir, A., & Wickens, E. (2015). Rural tourism development in Connemara, Ireland. Tourism Planning and Development, 12(1), 73-86.
Ashley, C., Roe, D., & Goodwin, H. (2001). Pro-poor Tourism Strategies: Making Tourism Work for the Poor: A Review of Experience. London: Overseas Development Institute.
Bianchi, R. (2004). Tourism restructuring and the politics of sustainability: A critical view from the European periphery (the Canary Islands). Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12(6), 495–529.
Biddulph,R. (2015). Limits to mass tourism’s effects in rural peripheries. Annals of Tourism Research, 50 (1), 98–112.
Blanco, F.J. (1996). Fundamentos de la política comunitaria y española en material de turismo rural: Consideraciones sobre la legislación española [Foundations of community and Spanish policies in rural tourism: Considerations on Spanish legislation]. Estudios Turísticos,131, 25–68.
Bramwell, B. (2004). Mass tourism, diversification and sustainability in Southern Europe's coastal regions. In B. Bramwell (Ed.), Coastal mass tourism: Diversification and sustainable development in Southern Europe :Channel View Publications.
Burns, P. & Novelli ,M. (2007). Tourism & Politics:Global Framework & Local Realities. London: Routledge.
Butler, R. W., & Hall, C. M. (1998). Conclusion: The sustainability of tourism and recreation in rural areas. In R. W. Butler, C. M. Hall, & J. Jenkins (Eds.), Tourism and recreation in rural areas (pp. 249-258). Chichester, UK: John Wiley.
Bygrave, W. D. (1993). Theory building in the entrepreneurship paradigm. Journal of business Venturing, 8(3) , 255–280.
Campón-Cerro, A.M., Hernández-Mogollón, J.M., Alves, H. (2016). Sustainable improvement of competitiveness in rural tourism destinations: The quest for tourist loyalty in Spain. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 5(2), 1-15.
Cantallops, A. S., Cardona, J. R., & Muntaner, R. E. (2015). Characteristics and peculiarities of rural tourism in the Balearic Islands. Tourism Planning & Development, 12(2), 122-144.
Cater, E. A. (1987). Tourism in the least developed countries. Annals of Tourism Research, 14(2), 202–226.
Cawley, M., Gaffey, S., & Gillmor, D. A. (2002). Localisation and global reach in rural tourism: Irish evidence. Tourist Studies,2(1), 63-86.
Chaslzin, R.J., Brown, P.,Venlzatesh, S., & Vidal, A. (2001). Building Community Capacity. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.
Chemin, M. (2008). The Impact of the Judiciary on Entrepreneurship: Evaluation of Pakistan’s Access to Justice Programme. Journal of Public Economics, 93(1), 114-125.
Crotts ,J & Holland,S. (1993). Objective indicators of the impact of Rural Tourism Development in the State of Florida. Journal of Sustainable Tourism,1(2),112-120.
De Kadt, E. (1979). Tourism. Passport to development? .New York: Oxford University Press.
Deegan, J., & Dineen, D. J. (2003). The changing contribution of tourism in a dynamic economy: The case of Ireland. Tourism Economics, 9(2), 147-164.
Demetrious, D., Stillwell, J., See, L. (2013).A new methodology for measuring land fragmentation. Computers. Environment and Urban Systems, 39(3): 71–80.
Démurger, S., Fournier ,M. ,& Yang, W. (2010). Rural households' decisions towards income diversification: Evidence from a township in northern China. China Economic Review, 21(1), 32-44.
Dwyer,L., Forsyth, P., & Papatheodorou, A. (2011). Economics of Tourism. Oxford: Contemporary Tourism Reviews.
Dyer, P., Gursoy,D., Sharma,B.,& Carter,J. (2007). Structural modeling of resident perceptions of tourism and associated development on the Sunshine Coast, Australia. Tourism Management, 28(2), 409–422.
Ezeuduji, I. (2015). Strategic event-based rural tourism development for sub-Saharan Africa. Current Issues in Tourism,18(3), 212-228.
Fennell, D. (2008). Ecotourism. London: Routledge.
Flanigan,S.,Blackstock ,K.,& Hunter,C. (2014). Agritourism from the perspective of providers and visitors: a typology-based. Tourism Management, 40(1): 394-405.
Frisvoll, S. (2012). Power in the production of spaces transformed by rural tourism. Journal of Rural Studies, 28 (4),447-457.
Garrod, B., Wornell, R., & Youell, R. (2006). Re-conceptualizing rural resources as countryside capital: The case of rural tourism. Journal of Rural Studies, 22(1), 117-128.
Gautam ,Y., & Andersen , P. (2016). Rural livelihood diversification and household well-being: Insights from Humla, Nepal. Journal of Rural Studies, 44(1): 239-249
Ghanian, M., Ghoochani, O.,& Crott ,J. (2017). Analyzing the Motivation Factors in Support of Tourism Development: The Case of Rural Communities in Kurdisan Region of Iran. Journal of Sustainable Rural Development, 1(2):137-148.
Gil Arroyo, C., Barbieri , C., & Rozier Rich ,S. (2013). Defining agritourism: A comparative study of stakeholders' perceptions in Missouri and North Carolina.Tourism Management, 37(4), 39-47.
Guaita Martínez, J. M., Martín Martín, J. M., Salinas Fernández, J. A., & Mogorrón-Guerrero, H. (2019). An analysis of the stability of rural tourism as a desired condition for sustainable tourism. Journal of Business Research, 100(7), 165-174.
Gursoy, D., & Rutherford ,D. (2003). Host attitudes toward tourism, an improved structural model, Annals of Tourism Research, 31(3), 495–516.
Haase Svendsen, G., Kjeldsen, C., & Noe,E. (2010). How do private entrepreneurs transform local social capital into economic capital? Four case studies from rural Denmark. Journal of Socio-Economics, 39(6), 631-644.
Hall, D., Kirkpatrick, I., & Mitchell, M. (2005). Rural tourism and sustainable business. Ontario, Canada: Channel View Publication.
Harrison,J. (2001). Thinking about tourists. International sociology,16 (2),159-172.
Helmi Ali,M.,& Suleiman, N. (2016). Sustainable food production: Insights of Malaysian halal small and medium sized. International Journal of Production Economics,176(6),1-12 .
Hernandez, J.M., Suarez-Vega, R.,& Santana-Jimenez,Y. (2016).The inter-relationship between rural and mass tourism: The case of Catalonia, Spain. Tourism management, 54(3), 43-57.
Hesam, M., & Rezvani, M.R. (2017). [Recognition and analysis of network relations in rural tourism through grounded theory: A case study on mountainous valley route of Haraz, Iran (Persian)]. Journal of Sustainable Rural Development, 1(1), 39-52.
Hoefle, S. W. (2016) .Multi-functionality, juxtaposition and conflict in the Central Amazon: Will tourism contribute to rural livelihoods and save the rainforest? Journal of Rural Studies, 44(2), 24-36.
Holland, G., Burian, M. and Dixey, L. (2003). Tourism in Poor Rural Areas: Diversifying the Product and Expanding the Benefits in Rural Uganda and the Czech Republic, PPT working paper, No. 12.
Hounslow,B. (2002). Community capacity explained. Stronger Families Learning ExchangeBulletin, 1, 20–22.
Hwang,J.H.,& Lee ,S.W. (2015). The effect of the rural tourism policy on non-farm income in South Korea, Tourism Management, 46(1),501-513.
IIbery, B. (1998). The geography of rural change. Harlow, UK: Longman.
Ionela,G.-P.,Constantin ,B. M.,& Dogaru ,L.D. (2015). Advantages and Limits for Tourism Development in Rural Area (Case Study Ampoi and Mures Valleys), Procedia, Economics and Finance,32,1050-1059.
Jaafar,Mastura, Rasoolimanesh ,S. Mostafa, Tuan Lonik, Ku’ Azam. (2015) Tourism growth and entrepreneurship: Empirical analysis of development of rural highlands, Tourism Management Perspectives, 14(2) ,17–24.
James, V.U. (1998). Capacity Building in Developing Countries. London: Praeger.
Jenkins, T., & Parrott, N. (1997). Regional images and the promotion of quality products and services in the lagging regions of the European Union. Aberystwyth, UK: Welsh Institute of Rural Studies.
Kenny, S., & Clarke, M. (2010). Challenging capacity building- comparative perspectives. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Kroshus Medina, L. (2005). Ecotourism and certification: confronting the principles and pragmatics of socially responsible tourism. Journal of sustainable tourism, 13(3),281-295.
Lavarack,G. (2006). Evaluating community capacity: visual representation and interpretation. Community Development Journal, 41(3), 266–276.
Li, Ping, Ryan, Chris, Cave, Jenny. (2016). Chinese rural tourism development: Transition in the case of Qiyunshan, Anhui, 2008-2015.Tourism Management ,55(4) , 240-260.
Liu, A. (2006). Tourism in rural areas: Kedah, Malaysia. Tourism Management, 27(5), 878–889.
Lo, M-C., Mohammad,A.,Songan, P., & Yeo, A.W. (2012). Positioning rural tourism: perspectives from the local communities, International Journal of Trade, Economics & Finance, 3(1), 59-65.
Lopez, Miriam, & Pastor, R. (2015). Development in rural areas through capacity building and education for business, 7th World Conference on Educational Sciences, Novotel Athens Convention Centre: Athens, Greece, In Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 1882 – 1888.
Martin, S.M., & Lorenzen, K. (2016). Livelihood Diversification in Rural Laos. World Development, 83(7): 231–243.
Mitchell, J., & Ashley, C. (2010). Tourism and poverty reduction: Pathways and prosperity. London: Earthscan.
Moloney ,S., & Fünfgeld , H. (2015). Emergent processes of adaptive capacity building: Local government climate change alliances and networks in Melbourne. Urban Climate , 14 (4) :30–40.
Moscardo, G. (2008). Building community capacity for tourism development .London: Cabi Publishing.
Mowforth, M., & Munt, I. (2009). Tourism & sustainability: Development globalization & new tourism in the third world. Third Edition, Abington, UK: Routledge.
Murty, S. A. (2004). Mapping community assets: the key to effective rural social work . In L. Scales & C.Streeter, Rural social work: Building assets to sustain rural communities, 278–289. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole/Thomson Learning.
Mwesigye, F., & Matsumoto, T. (2016). The effect of population pressure and internal migration on land conflicts: Implication for agriculture Productivity in Uganda. World Development, 79(3), 25-39.
Myers, N. (2003). Conservation of biodiversity: how are we doing? Environment system & decision , 23(1), 9–15.
Naidoo, P.,& Sharpley ,R. (2016). Local perceptions of the relative contributions of enclave tourism and agritourism to community well-being: The case of Mauritius. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management ,5(1): 2-16.
Nair, V., Munikrishnan, U. T., Rajaratnam, S. D., & King, N. (2015). Redefining rural tourism in Malaysia: A conceptual perspective. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 20(3), 314-337.
Napton, D., Walford, N., & Everitt, D. (1999). Continuity and change in the developed countryside. In N. Walford, J. Everitt, & D. Napton (Eds.), Reshaping the countryside: Perceptions and processes of rural change (pp. 1-11). Wallingford, UK: CABI.
Nourozifard, H., & Khorasani,M.A. (2016). [Strategic Planning of rural tourism development in rural regions of Izeh-Iran, The case study : Shivand village(Persian)]. Geography & urban-regional preparation, 18(1), 119-134.
Plummer, J. & Taylor, J.G. (2004). Community participation in China, Issues & Processes for Capacity Building.UK: Earthscan.
Reardon, T., Delgado, C., & Matlon, P. (1992). Determinants and effects of income diversification amongst farm households in Burkina Faso. Journal of Development Studies, 28 (2),264-296.
Russell, R., & Faulkner, B. (1999). Movers and shakers: Chaos makers in tourism development. Tourism Management, 20(4), 411–423.
Russell, R., & Faulkner, B. (2004). Entrepreneurship, chaos and the tourism area life cycle. Annals of Tourism Research, 31(3), 556–579.
Ryan, C., Gu, H., & Zhang, W. (2009). The context of Chinese tourism— an overview and implications for research. In C. Ryan, & H. Gu (Eds.), Tourism in China: Destination, cultures and communities, 327–336, New York: Routledge.
Sánchez-Rivero, M., & Cárdenas-García, P.J. (2014). Population characteristics & the impact of tourism on economic development. Tourism Geographies, 16(4), 615-635.
Saxena, G., Clark, G., Oliver, T., & Illbery, B.(2007). Conceptualizing integrated rural tourism. Tourism Geographies, 9(4), 347-370.
Scales, T.L., Streeter, C.L., & Cooper, H.S. (2014). Rural Social Work: building & sustaining community capacity. USA: Wiley.
Sharpley, R. (2002). Rural tourism and the challenge of tourism diversification: the case of Cyprus. Tourism Management, 23(3), 233-244.
Sharpley, R., & Telfer, D. J. (2015). Tourism and development. Toronto: Channel View Publications.
Silva,L., & Leal, J. (2015). Rural tourism and national identity building in contemporary Europe: evidence from Portugal, Journal of Rural Studies ,38 (2) ,109-119.
Soleimani, M., Bozarjomehri, K., Javan,J., & Anabestani,A. (2015). [The analysis of effective elements on rural unsustainability –Iran (Persian)]. Research and rural planning, 4(11) , 21-38.
StataCorp. (2011). Structural equation modeling: Reference manual. College Station, TX: Stata Press.
Steiner, A., & Atterton, J. (2015). Exploring the contribution of rural enterprises to local resilience. Journal of Rural Studies, 40(3), 30-45.
Taleshi, M., & Amirfakhriyan, M. (2011). [Rural unsustainability & the future of marginalisation in Khorasan Razavi (Persian)].Geography,29(3),83-107.
Telfer, D.J. & Sharpley ,R. (2008). Tourism & development in the developing world. New York: Routledge.
Tew, C., & Barbieri ,C. (2012). The perceived benefits of agritourism: The provider’s perspective. Tourism Management, 33(1), 215-224.
Torres-Delgado, A., & Saarinen, J. (2014). Using indicators to assess sustainable tourism development: A review. Tourism Geographies, 16(1), 31-47.
Tosun, C. (2002). Host perceptions of impacts: A comparative tourism study. Annals of Tourism Research, 29 (1), 231-253.
Weaver, B. (2001). Ecotourism. Sydney, Australia: Wiley.
Zamora, O. M. (2011). Development Instruments for the Cross-Border Cooperation in Ukraine, In: Problems of tourism development on rural areas, Krystyna Krzyzanowska (ed.)., Warsaw: Warsaw University of Life Sciences Press.
Zasada ,I., & Piorr ,A. (2015). The role of local framework conditions for the adoption of rural development policy: An example of diversification, tourism development and village renewal in Brandenburg Germany. Ecological Indicators, 59(12): 82-93.
Zasada ,I.,Reutter, M., Piorr, A.,Lefebvre, M., & Paloma, S.G. (2015). Between capital investments and capacity building—Development and application of a conceptual framework towards a place-based rural development policy. Land Use Policy, 46 (5) ,178–188.
Zeng, G. (2015). Tourism and hospitality development between China and EU. New York, NY: Springer.
Zhang ,Q., Sun, Z. ,Wu, F.,& Deng, X. (2016). Understanding rural restructuring in China: The impact of changes in labor and capital productivity on domestic agricultural production and trade. Journal of Rural Studies, 47(6), 552-562.
Zhao, W., Ritchie, J. R., & Echtner, C. M. (2011). Social capital and tourism entrepreneurship. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(4), 1570–1593.