Analyzing the effect of village-to-city conversion on the quality of life of the residents(Case study: Tolem City (Marjaghal) in Sowme'eh Sara County, Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 M.A graduate in Urban Planning, University of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran


Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the policy of village-to-city conversion and its effect on the quality of life of Tolem City's residents in terms of physical,environmental, infrastructural, service provision, economic and socio-cultural dimensions. Turning the village into a city or a town can lead to changes in the quality of life.
Methods: This study is applied in terms of purpose. Primary and secondary data collection methods were used in this study. The statistical population of the study was the rural households of Tolem City in Sowme'eh  Sara ounty.
Results: The highest correlation coefficient among the components is for physical-environmental indicators (R=0.583, P<0.01), and the lowest correlation coefficient is for social-cultural indicators (R=0.144, P<0.01). Table 11 shows that this transformation had more effects on improving education and health services (5.22) and access to communication services and Post Bank (5.13).
Conclusion: This study found that the village-to-city conversion greatly affected physical, infrastructure and service provision, economic, social and cultural dimensions from the residents’ viewpoint.