Document Type : Research Paper
Ph. D Candidate, Department of Architecture, Zanjan branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
Ph. D , Department of Architecture, Zanjan branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
Ph. D, Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Zanjan branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan, Iran
Purpose: Reducing the vulnerability of earthquake victims and accelerating the temporary housing of villagers in crises.
Methods: This research is a descriptive-analytical study. Surveys were conducted among 381 residents of the villages of Tarom county as a statistical population.
Results: The findings show that according to the statistical population, the indicators of materials, cost, and time are the first three priorities of village residents with scores of 0.335, 0.182, and 0.127, respectively, and the indicators of staff, public participation, climatic comfort, moisture resistance and durability with scores of 0.102, 0830, 0.071 and 0.0631 are placed in the next priority categories. From their point of view, the use of skilled labor and indigenous knowledge, while saving the time and cost of temporary housing, increases the participation of village residents in the temporary housing process.
Conclusion: In general, it can be said that due to the high morale of the villagers in collective participation, this characteristic is intensified in crises, and the desire of villagers to participate in temporary housing increases in all kinds of participation. Using their indigenous knowledge and experiences gained during their lifetime in the village, they can accelerate the temporary housing process with their experimental construction techniques.