Document Type : Research Paper
Department of Agricultural Extension & Education, Campus of Agriculture & Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Agricultural Extension &amp; Rural development, Campus of Agriculture &amp; Natural Resources, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Department of Agricultural Education and Extension, Campus of Agriculture, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Purpose: This qualitative research aims to investigate the causes and consequences of the expansion of tenancy in the Mahidasht region.
Methods: In this study, the fault tree analysis technique (FTA) was used to investigate the reasons for the expansion of the tenancy phenomenon in the region. Also, the event analysis technique (ETA) was used to investigate the consequences of developing this exploitation system. Data were collected through unstructured in-depth individual interviews, focus groups, group discussions and direct observations.
Results: The results showed that the main reasons for creating motivation among farmers are mainly organizational, economic, individual, social and environmental management. In the other side problems include adopting inappropriate agricultural policies, lack of proper government support for farmers, lack of capital and money to provide tools and inputs, lack of skills to carry out profitable crops, lack of storage and lack of cooperation and trust between local people.
Conclusion: By identifying the causes and consequences of the expansion of the tenancy system and providing practical solutions, this study can lead to achievements for the rural development officials of the province in such a way that by adopting measures such as extensive training to the owners and introduction of new farming methods, providing credits and easing the loan obtaining, creating appropriate insurances, establishing a two-way and proper relationship between the university and Agriculture Jihad with farmers and gaining their trust, providing facilities and welfare health services for the villagers, persuading the owners to stay in the village and engage in the agricultural profession.