Comparative Typology of Sustainable Rural Housing; A Climatological Approach (Case Study: Dulab and Ramkan Villages of Qeshm Island in the South of Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student, Department of Architecture, UAE Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE

2 Visiting Professor of Architecture, Department of Architecture, Emirate Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dubai, UAE. (Faculty member of Iran University of Science and Technology)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Dabir Shahid Rajaei University, Tehran, Iran


Purpose: Rural housing as a safe means of living is also considered a part of the necessary space for economic activity in fields of agriculture and pastoralism. Therefore, the rural environment and community will be formed according to the environmental, social, and economic conditions. The typology of rural housing is done in two spatial-physical and climatic dimensions. The current research seeks to answer the following question to identify the climatic typology of rural housing: What is the form of the rural housing in Dulab and Ramkan villages of Qeshm Island?
Methods: This research is conducted using a descriptive-analytical method, library research, and field surveys along with tools of observation, photography, and construction survey, as well as the inductive reasoning method.
Results: The results show that the climatic typology of rural houses on this Island has convergence in some aspects such as materials, windows proportions, number of floors, porch floor height, roof shape, color, and building volume. But are divergent based on the proportions of rooms, the location of the element of windcatcher or porch, porch shapes, and the proportions of open, semi-open, and closed spaces.
Conclusion: In general, the findings show that the design of the buildings in this region due to the hot and humid climate of the studied villages has its characteristics; however, based on the taste and views of the architect and the employer, divergence also occurs.