Analysis of the Role of female entrepreneurs in rural economic development(case study: Sowme'eh Sara rural area in northern Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. student of Geography and Rural Planning, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Professor of Geography Department, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Geography Department, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.


Purpose: Rural entrepreneurship has been studied from several angles, and everyone agrees that it is required as an efficient technique for village economic growth. Women's entrepreneurship in the village is a multifaceted phenomenon driven by various circumstances. Women have played a significant and expanding role in the field of business in today's Iranian society. Establishing long-term job prospects is seen as promoting and constructing various enterprises in the village, which is considered a means of developing entrepreneurship. This study aims to analyze and explain the role of female entrepreneurs in the economic growth of the 'Sowme'eh Sara communities.
Methodology: The current study employs and is based on library, documentary, and field research. SPSS software, integrated models (FARAS+FCOPRAS), and the WASTPAS fuzzy model were used to analyze the data.
Results: The research found a substantial and beneficial association between the economic development of the Sowme'eh Sara communities and female entrepreneurs. The results also revealed that the income development index, with a score of 71.66, employment with a score of 71.51; investment, with a score of 71/45; and facilities, with a score of 71/31, have the highest and lowest level of influence on the role of female entrepreneurs in the villages of Sowme'eh Sara city. The results revealed that the central sections, with a weight of 3.976, the Tolam section, with a weight of 3.743, and the Mirza Kochak section, with a weight of 3.667, have the highest and lowest levels of economic development, emphasizing the role of female entrepreneurs.
Conclusion: Entrepreneurship in the rural areas of Sowme'eh  Sara's central region is an economic strategy in which the villages of this region are a product, and each house is a factory, and production is spatially vital in the competition for establishing entrepreneurial areas.


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