Document Type : Research Paper
PhD Student Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran.
Assistant Professor Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
Assistant Professor Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran.
Purpose: Today, the location and development of airports have economic, social, visual, etc., effects on the surrounding areas. Therefore, investigating the spatial effects in different dimensions (economic, social, physical, and environmental) caused by airport activity is necessary and important for planning and development in rural areas. Therefore, the present study aims to roleplay the Chabahar international airport in the sustainable development of rural areas.
Methods: This is applied-quantitative research. Data were collected using the library (tracking notes, internet) and field studies (questionnaire). The statistical population included two parts. In the first part, the statistical society was the residents of Chabahar City. The sample size was 384 people using Cochran's Alpha formula. The second part of the statistical society was the expert people; 30 subjects in this part were selected using targeted sampling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and the Fuzzy model of F-BMW.
Results: according to the T-test, there was a medium to high range effect of the airport on the development of rural areas in Chabahar in terms of economy, social, and environmental (except the items of environmental health with a score of 2.15, reducing the sewage smell with the score of 2.33, reducing infectious diseases with the score of 2.17), physical, and infrastructure dimensions. The highest level of effectiveness of the airport was observed in the items of purchasing power (0.072) in the economic dimension, the development opportunity (0.075) in the social dimension, the access to green spaces (0.063) in the environmental dimension, and the increasing rural tourism facilities (0.075) in the infrastructure.
Conclusion: Chabahar International Airport has had a significant impact on the growth of economic and social activities and, consequently, the rapid movement of people, goods, and services, which consider a key role in regional development.