Document Type : Research Paper
Ph.D Student, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Associate Professorof, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch, Faculty of Humanities. Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Associate Professorof, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
Purpose: Today, failure to pay attention to the housing needs of low-income groups in the official and planned cities causes the creation of slums and informal settlements, especially in the outskirts of metropolises, which causes a rentier economy, especially in land and housing. In this regard, this study aimed to investigate the role of the rentier economy on the land use changes of peripheral rural areas (case study: peripheral rural areas located in district 19 of the Tehran metropolis).
Methods: This analytical-descriptive study is quantitatively applicable regarding objectives and methodology. Data were analyzed using SPSS (through single sample T-test and factor analysis) and ArcGIS software through RS techniques to Land use classification using artificial neural network method. The statistical population of this study included elites, specialists, managers, and university professors in District 19 of the Tehran metropolis, which was selected by the Non-probability snowball sampling method [N=150].
Results: Based on the T-test, there was an Unsuitable condition of land use changes in the peripheral rural area of District 19 of Tehran city. The results of the factor analysis test showed that the rentier economy in District 19 of Tehran city caused the land use changes of settlements in the peripheral rural areas. The land use classification by neural network method showed that the area of agricultural lands decreased from 8386 hectares in 2000 to 5562 hectares in 2022, which indicated the loss of farming lands and growth of physical spaces of urban.
Conclusion: There was a rentier economy of the land transactions and unique distinction in the rural settlements in the peripheral villages, located in area 19 of Tehran city, so the agricultural lands were changed to residential land use.