Investigating the role of economic components in the sustainability of micro-businesses of Imam Khomeini Relief Committee pensioners (case study: villages of Khalil Abad city)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. student, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Rural Planning, Faculty of literature and human sciences, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran



Purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the role of economic components on the sustainability of small businesses of the pensioners of the Imam Khomeini Committee in the villages of Khalil Abad city. 
Method: This research is practical in terms of purpose and quantitative and survey in terms of research method, and the required data has been collected by documentary-questionnaire method. In order to analyze data, the SPSS software (F-Mamdani) model and combined models (FARAS + FKOPRAS) were used. 
Results: The results of one sample T-test showed that the status of the economic component in the indicators (wealth of the individual, the individual's attitude towards the economic situation and rural production, the attitude towards the impact of the formation of new companies, the income status and employment status); with the value higher than the average number (3), was evaluated as desirable in the studied villages. In order to relate the economic component and the small businesses' stabilization of the clients, Spearman's correlation test was used. The results showed that, among the indicators of stabilization of small businesses, at a significance level of less than 0.05, a significant and positive relationship with the economic component existed. In the following, the ranking results of each of the micro business stabilization indicators (based on their importance and effectiveness of the economic component) showed that economic growth with a value of 72/76, and compatibility with the environment with 72/21, have assigned the highest and the lowest level of importance and influence from the experts' point of view. Finally, it was found that Naqab village has the highest level of sustainability, and the villages of Kalate Shadi, Nasrabad, and Haftkhane have the lowest ranking in sustainability of small businesses.
Conclusion: The development of economic components can be an influential factor in the sustainability of micro-businesses through the elimination of poverty, income increase, creation of job opportunities for unskilled people, capital accumulation via increasing efficiency productivity in the rural area, and prevention of urbanization and excessive immigration, It helped the process of developing small businesses in the villages of Khalil Abad and brought economic growth to the villages.