Analysis of factors affecting the rearrangement of the organizational model of rural production cooperatives in Iran

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Geography, Law & Social Sciences Faculty, Payame Noor University (PNU), Po Box 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran.

2 Ph.D. Graduated in Geography and Rural Planning, Department of Geography, Law & Social Sciences Faculty, Payame Noor University (PNU), Po Box 19395-3697 Tehran, Iran.


Purpose: This research aimed to identify the factors influencing the rearrangement of rural production cooperatives (RPCs), recognize the need for their expansion, and align their goals with the current situation to bridge existing gaps.
Methods: This research employed a descriptive-analytical method. Statistical populations consisting of managers and members of RPCs, as well as non-member villagers residing in the areas where 673 RPCs operate. To form a representative sample, 67 RPCs were selected, considering factors such as the number of provinces, the number of cooperatives, and the cooperative's activity status. 67 managing directors and 67 Chairmen of the Board of Directors were selected using a census method. In addition, Cochran's formula was applied to determine a sample size of 189 RPCs members. Furthermore, a cluster classification sampling method was employed to select 192 rural non-members for the study. Data were collected using documentary and field methods (researcher-designed questionnaire).
Results: The 26 factors categorized under "attraction of active cooperation of members" account for a cumulative variance of 17.42% regarding their influence on rearranging the organizational model of RPCs. Among the 11 elements comprising the second factor, "self-reliance," it is evident that having substantial working capital and initial cooperative capital will be pivotal in fostering self-reliance among RPCs. The third factor, labeled "legal acceptability," encompasses 16 items and contributes to 11.92% of the overall variance in rearranging the organizational model of RPCs. Twenty-seven items represent the fourth factor, "empowerment," of RPCs. The fifth factor, which involves "supporting and organizing cooperatives" during rearrangement, comprises 24 items.
Conclusion: The findings indicate that the five mentioned factors collectively account for 62% of the variance in rearranging the organizational model of RPCs.


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