Assessing the Impact of Varied Livelihood on the Social Sustainability of Rural Areas, case study: Qaltuq County, Zanjan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

2 Master's student, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran

3 , Master's student, Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran



Purpose: This study suggests that having a variety of ways to earn a living is important for sustainable development. This is because it helps to keep different parts of the economy and society in balance and stable and ensures that resources are used efficiently and that the community can adapt to changes. "Livelihood diversity" refers to having multiple sources of income or ways to make a living. "Sustainable development" refers to a way of growing and developing that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The current study discusses the impact of having multiple sources of income on different aspects of social sustainability.
Method: This study is both quantitative and applied in nature. The research was conducted in 8 villages in the Qaltuq district of Zanjan city. To complete the questionnaire, a sample size of 300 was calculated using Cochran's formula. Data was collected through library and field research (questionnaire) and analyzed using structural equations.
Results: According to the research, livelihood diversity impacts various aspects of life, including social capital, social security, education, health, population dynamics, and quality of life. The respective values for each impact are 0.509, 0.454, 0.340, 0.290, and 0.305. This information was presented in the study's findings.
Conclusion: These findings were presented in the study. "Livelihood diversity" refers to having multiple sources of income or ways to support oneself. "Social capital" refers to the value of social networks and relationships in a community. "Social security" refers to having financial stability and support in times of need. "Population dynamics" refers to changes in the size and structure of a population over time.


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