Analysis of the factors affecting the changes in the rural land-use system (case study: Astane-ye-Ashrafiyeh rural areas in the north of Iran)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD student in Geography and Rural Planning, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

2 Professor of Geography Department, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran.



Purpose: This research aimed to identify the factors on rural land use changes in Astane-ye-Ashrafiyeh County in Gilan Province.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study uses field research methods to collect data. For analysis, the study used the One Sample T-test in SPSS software. The statistical population is 27 villages of Astaneh, and 381 rural households in these villages were selected in these villages to respond to the questionnaires. The number of samples was obtained from the Cochran formula.
Results: The results of the T-test showed that the economic dimension, with an average score of 3.26 and at a very low significance level, is the most critical component in changing the rural land use in Astane-ye-Ashrafiyeh. Physical-spatial, social-cultural, and institutional-management dimensions were ranked next, respectively.
Conclusion: The confirmatory factor analysis results showed that out of 36 studied factors,13 were significant. These factors are youth unwillingness to engage in agricultural activities, willingness to settle in the city, uncontrolled land price by intermediaries, exploitation of agricultural land owners, low price of farm products, benefits from investors in the land and housing sector, tourism capabilities of the region, poor law enforcement and weak supervision of rural municipalities.


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