Meta-Analysis of Factors Affecting Neo-Ruralism as a Sustainable Connectivity Pattern of Urban-Rural Development

Document Type : Research Paper


Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Sayyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi University, Asadabad, Iran



Purpose: This study uses the meta-analysis method to extract concepts and related categories to the feasibility of neo-ruralism as a future pattern of urban-rural connectivity.
Methods: The current research is fundamental in terms of purpose and inductive approach. The statistical population includes all sources about neo-ruralism from 1977 to 2023. The sources for this research have been selected from Google, Google Scholar, and Semantic Scholar search engines, as well as reputable databases such as ProQuest, Wiley, ResearchGate, MDPI, Hindawi, and ScienceDirect. Eventually, a total of 21 sources have been selected for the final analysis.
Results: In temporal terms, most sources are associated with 2016-2023, constituting 52% of the total resources. Regarding typology, 76% of the sources pertain to articles, while 24% are attributed to theses and books. Regarding databases, the share of ResearchGate, MDPI, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, Wiley, and Hindawi equals 38, 19, 14, 14, 10, and 5% respectively. Regarding methodology, most research sources are attributed to the literature review method (19%), followed by qualitative and descriptive-analytical content analysis methods, each comprising 14% of the research sources.
Results: A total of 56 codes, distributed across nine categories—including spatial planning, development discourse, multifunctionality, requirements, context, various factors and multiple levels, causal factors, spatial environment, and elements—contribute to influencing the development and feasibility of neo-ruralism as a future pattern of urban-rural connectivity.


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