The Effect of Enhancing Components of Environmental Quality of Life on Sustainable Development in Iran (With an Emphasis on Empowerment Mechanism)

Document Type : research paper

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

2 PhD, Department of Geography and Spatial Planning, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

3 PhD Student, Department of Geography, Faculty of Geography, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Purpose: The present article presents the components of environmental quality of life (with an emphasis on the empowerment mechanism) and their effect on sustainable development.
Methods: This study was conducted using the descriptive-analytical method in the form of a set of 7 independent variables on the enhancement of environmental quality of life. These variables include Educating and Informing, Cognition and Awareness, Transparency, Creating Equal Opportunities, Assurance, Trust and Empathy, Sense of Belonging and Social Responsibility and Participation. Moreover, a band of 4 dependent variables of the sustainable development were examined which include the Environmental, Social, Economic, Physical, and Infrastructural variables.
Results: The results, which have been analyzed by utilizing single-sample T– statistical test, the linkage measure of Kendall’s tau-b correlation, and multivariate regression, using SPSS software, show the low quality of the enhancing components of the environmental quality of life in the study area.
Conclusion: Most of the surveyed indicators of the quality of life do not explain the future status of sustainable development of rural settlements in the study area and do not improve its dimensions under the current conditions. Therefore, changing and correcting the existing situation by choosing the appropriate social and economic policies of the state and applying appropriate methods for the empowerment of the rural community has been emphasized.

Keywords


Abdul Mohit, M. (2014). Present Trends and Future Directions of Quality of life. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 153, 655-665.
Amarasinghe, D. P. (1998). Is integrated rural development sustainable? An investigation of a process-oriented approach in Monaragala, Srilanka. Clark University.
Arora, S. Kalra, R. (2018). Quality of life (QOL) of people living with substance users in the urban and rural community of Delhi, Current Medicine Research and Practice, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 96-99.
Bebbington, A. Dharma wan, L. Fahmi, E. Guggenheim, S. (2005). Local Capacity, Village Governance, and Political Economy of Rural Development in Indonesia. World Development, 34 (11), 1958-1976.
Bruff, G.E., Wood, A.P. (2000). Making sense of sustainable development: politicians, professionals, and policies in local planning, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 18, pages 593 – 607.
Costanza, R. (2007). Quality of life: An approach integrating opportunities, human needs, and subjective well-being, Ecological Economics, 61(1-2), 267-276.
Cherayi, SH. Jose, J.P. (2016). Empowerment and Social inclusion of Muslim Women: Towards a new conceptual model, Rural studies, Vol.45, pp.243-251.
Chiranjeewee K. Harald. V. (2012). Comparing a top-down and bottom-up approach in the identification of criteria and indicators for sustainable community forest management in Nepal, Forestry, Vol. 85, No. 1.
Eftekhari, A. Azimi Amoli, J. Pour Taheri, M. Ahmadi pour, Z. (2012). Presenting a suitable model of good rural governance in Iran. Geopolitics, Eighth year, No.2.
Epley, D., Menon, M. (2008). "A Method of Assembling Cross-sectional Indicators into a Community Quality of Life", Soc Indic Res, 88:281-29.
Ebrahimzadeh, I., Shahraki, A.A. Shahnaz, A.A. Manouchehri Myandoab, A. (2016). Progressing urban development and life quality simultaneously, City, Culture and Society, pp.1-8.
Esparcia, J. Escribano, J. Serrano, J.J. (2015). From development to power relations and territorial governance: Increasing the leadership role of LEADER Local Action Groups in Spain, Rural studies, Vol.42, pp.29-42.
Etuah, S., Ohene-Yankyera, K., Aidoo, A., Haleegoah, J., Wiggins, S & Henley, G. (2020). Impact of oil palm-related activities on women’s empowerment in Ghana, Word Development Perspectives, Available online 20 June 2020, 100225.
Fahy, F. Cinneide, M.O. (2008). Environmental Impact Assessment Review-Developing and testing an operational framework for assessing the quality of life, pp:366-379.
FAO. (2005). Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development (SARD) and Good Agricultural Practices (GAPS). Paper for 19th Session of Committee on Agriculture, FAO. Rome, 13-16.
Fazelnia, G. Eftekhari, A. (2005). Explanation of the theory of effective factors on villagers' cognition and awareness of their abilities and the surrounding environment. Humanities teacher, No.1.
Fernández, M. María J., J. PabloVidueira M. V. Díaz-Puente, D. (2015). Empowerment Evaluation in Spain: The Critical Friend Role in Working with Rural Communities, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.191, pp.984-989.
Fang, F. Ma, L. Fan, H. Che, X. Chen, M. (2020). The spatial differentiation of quality of rural life based on natural controlling factors: A case study of Gansu Province, China, Environmental Management, Vol.264.
Hamdan, H. Yusof, F. A. Marzukhi. M. (2014). Social Capital and Quality of life in Urban Neighborhoods High-Density Housing, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.153, pp.169-179.
Han, W. Zhanh, X. Zhang, Z. (2019). The role of land tenure security in promoting rural women’s empowerment: Empirical evidence from rural China, Land use policy, Vol.86, pp.28-289.
Janssens, W. (2009). Women’s empowerment and Creation of Social Capital in Indian Villages, WWW.elsevier.com, World Development, Vol.38, No.7, pp:974-988.
Johavsen, P., Lund Chandler, T. (2015). Mechanisms of power in participatory rural planning, rural studies, Vol.40, pp:12-20.
Jeffrey, C. (2005). Reproducing Difference Schooling, Jobs, and Empowerment in Uttar Pradesh, India, World Development, Vol.33, No.12, pp.2085-2101.
Kaczmarek, M. Pacholska-Bogalska, J. Kwaśniewski, W. Kotarski, J. Halerz-Nowakowska, B. Goździcka-Józefiak, A. (2017). The association between socioeconomic status and health-related quality of life among Polish postmenopausal women from urban and rural communities, HOMO, Vol.68, Issue 1, pp.42-50.
Kazembe, L. (2020). Women empowerment in Namibia: Measurement, determinants and geographical disparities, Available online 20 June 2020, 100211
Lopez, M. Pastor, R. (2015). Development in rural Through capacity building and education for business, Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp:1882-1888.
Ma, L. Liu, Sh. Fang, F. Che, Xi. Chen, M. (2020). Evaluation of urban-rural difference and integration based on the quality of life, Sustainable Cities and Society, Vol.54, pp.
Mackinnon, D. (2002). Rural governance and local involvement: assessing state community relations in the Scottish Highlands, Rural studies, Vol.18, pp.307-324. PII: S 0 7 4 3 - 0 1 6 7 (0 1) 0 0 0 4 8 – 1.
Mahmud, S., Shah Nirall, M., & Becker, S. (2011). Measurement of Women’s empowerment in rural Bangladesh, WWW.elsevier.com, World Development, Vol.40, No.3, pp: 610-619
Malkina-Pykh, I.G., Pykh, Yu. A. (2008). Quality of life indicators at different scales: Theoretical background, Ecological indicators, pp: 854-862.
Marans, Robert, W. (2015). Quality of urban life & environmental sustainability studies: Future linkage opportunities, Habitat International, pp: 47-52.
Marans, Robert, W. (2012). Quality of urban life Studies: An Overview and Implications for Environment-Behavior Research, Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp: 9-22.
Monkman, K. Miles, R. Easton, P. (2007). The transformative potential of a village empowerment program: The Tostan replication in Mali, Women's studies international forum, Vol.30, pp.451-464, DOI: 10.1016/j.wsif.2007.09.005.
Moral, F; Vidueira, M.J;  Diaz Puente, P;Nicolas, J.M & Luis De, V. (2015). Empowerment Evaluation in Spain: The Critical Friend Role in Working with rural Communities, Social and Behavioral Sciences, pp:984-989.
OECD. (2001). The DAC guidelines, strategies for sustainable development.
Pacione, M. (2003). landscape and urban planning-Urban environmental quality and human wellbeing, a social geographical perspective, pp: 19-30
Palmisanoa, G.O; Govindanb, Kannan; Boggiac, A; Viviana Loisia, R; Bonia, A.D; Roma, R. (2016). Local Action Groups and Rural Sustainable Development. A spatial multiple criterion approaches for efficient territorial planning Department, Land Use Policy, Vol.59, pp. 12–26,
Pini, B. (2002). Focus groups, feminist research, and farm women: opportunities for empowerment in rural social research, Rural studies, Vol.18, pp.339-351.
Poudel, S., Nyaupane, P.N., Budruk, M. (2016). Stakeholders’ Perspectives of Sustainable Tourism Development: A New Approach to Measuring Outcomes, Travel Research, Vol. 55, N.4, PP. 465–480.
Pupphachai, U., & Zuidema, C. (2017). Sustainability indicators: A tool to generate learning and adaptation in sustainable urban development, Ecological Indicators, Vol.72, pp. 784–793.
Quaghebeur, K. Masschelein, J. Nguyen, N. (2004). The paradox of participation: Giving or taking part? Community and Applied Social Psychology, PP 154-165.
Radjahanbini, N. Partovi, P. (2011). Comparative study of the quality of the environment in urban neighborhoods by using sustainable development approach: (Case study: Street and Igli Tabriz neighborhood), Bi-Quarterly of the University of Arts, No. 6.
Richardson Ngwenya, P. Restrepo, J. Fernández, R.  A. Kaufmann, B. (2019). Participatory video proposals: A tool for empowering farmer groups in rural innovation processes? Rural Studies, Vol.69, pp.173-185.
Servaes, J., Polk, E., Shi, S., Reilly, D., Yakupitijage, T. (2012). Towards a framework of sustainability indicators for ‘communication for development and social change’ projects, the International Communication Gazette, Vol.74, No.2, pp. 99–123.
Scerri, A & James, P. (2009). Communities of citizens and ‘indicators’ of sustainability, Community Development, Vol. 45 No. 2, pp. 219–236.
Shamaei, A. Azimi, A. Faraji Molaei, A. (2012). Investigating the effects of urbanization of rural areas on improving the quality of life of residents. Urban management, No.3.
Shokri Firuzjah, P. (2014). Investigating the effective components on the level of citizens' satisfaction with the quality of the residential environment (Case study: 1 & 8 districts of Tabriz city), Geographical space. No. 47.
Simone, C. Andrea De Montis b, D. (2015). Computers Accessibility and rurality indicators for regional development, Environment and Urban Systems, V.49, 98–114.
Straka, J & Tuzova, M. (2016). Factors Affecting Development of Rural Areas in the Czech Republic: A Literature Review, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vo.220, pp. 496 – 505.
Subramaniam, G. Tan, P.L. Maniam, B. Ali, E. (2013). Workplace Flexibility, Empowerment, and Quality of life, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol.105, pp.885-893.
Thompson, D. (2016). Community adaptation to environmental challenges under decentralized governance in southwestern Uruguay, Rural studies, Vol.43, pp.71-82.
UN. (2001). Guidance in preparing national sustainable development strategies, Revised Draft, New York.
UNDP. (1994). Human development report; New York: Oxford University Press.
Wang, B., Li, X., Stanton, B., Fang, X. (2010). The influence of social stigma and discriminatory experience on psychological distress and quality of life among rural-to-urban migrants in China, Social Science & Medicine.
Wang, XU. (1997). Mutual Empowerment of State and Peasantry: Grassroots Democracy in Rural China, World Development, Vol.25, No.9, pp.1431-1442. PII: s0305-750x (97)00047-8
World Bank. (2002). Expanding the Measure of Wealth: Indicators of Environmentally Sustainable Development, Environmentally Sustainable Development Studies, and Monographs, No.17, Washington, D.C.
Zhao, J. Li, Y. Wu, Y. Zhou, J. Ba, L. Gu X. Wang, W. Yao, H. Ren, N. Chen, J. Xu, L. (2009). Impact of different contraceptive methods on the quality of life in rural women of the Jiangsu province in China contraception, Contraception, 80(2):180-6.